Comparative dromotropic activity of timolol and propranolol in anesthetized dogs

European Journal of Pharmacology
P JaillonG Cheymol


The comparative dromotropic activity of timolol (TML) and propranolol (PPL) was studied by means of His bundle electrograms in two groups of pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs: group I, 7 non-atropinized dogs; group II, 8 atropinized dogs. beta-Blocking agents were injected in 4 cumulative doses in each dog at 3 days' interval. The effects upon heart rate (HR), and A-V nodal (AH), His--Purkinje (HV) and intraventricular (QS) conduction times were measured. The dromotropic effects of PPL and TML during atrial electrical stimulation and their effects upon chronotropic and dromotropic isoprenaline-induced changes were compared. TML exerted a 9--10 times more potent negative chronotropic effect than PPL and a 4--5 times more potent negative dromotropic effect than PPL on AH conduction time. PPL and TML increased the duration of HV only in higher doses. This effect which was not modified by isoprenaline may be related to their membrane depressant effect. Neither TML, nor PPL nor isoprenaline modified QS duration. TML was 25 times more potent than PPL to antagonize the chronotropic action of isoprenaline and 11--8 times more potent than PPL to antagonize the dromotropic action of isoprenaline upon AH. Parasympathic blockade with atropin...Continue Reading


Feb 13, 2001·European Journal of Pharmacology·T HorioM Itoh
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