Comparative immunogenicity of vaccines prepared from capsular polysaccharides of group C Neisseria meningitidis O-acetyl-positive and O-acetyl-negative variants and Escherichia coli K92 in adult volunteers

The Journal of Infectious Diseases
M P GlodeJ B Robbins

Abstract

Three structurally and antigenically similar capsular polysaccharides, two derived from group C Neisseria meningitidis (O-acetyl-positive and O-acetyl-negative variants) and one from Escherichia coli K92, which cross-reacts with polysaccharide from group C N. meningitidis, were compared for their ability to induce anticapsular and bactericidal antibodies to group C N. meningitidis in adult volunteers. All three vaccines elicited group C-specific serum antibodies. The vaccine derived from the O-acetyl-negative variant was the most immunogenic of the three vaccines. With use of radiolabeled O-acetyl-positive group C N. meningitidis polysaccharide antigen, the geometric mean titers of antibody in serum were 41.7 microgram/ml to the O-acetyl-negative variant, 22.8 microgram/ml to the O-acetyl-positive variant, and 7.1 microgram/ml to E. coli K92. Antibodies induced by all three vaccines were bactericidal for both of the group C N. meningitidis polysaccharide variants. An inverse relation between the comparative immunogenicity of the O-acetyl-negative polysaccharide and the virulence of group C N. meningitidis was found.

Citations

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Jul 21, 2004·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Amanda L LewisAjit Varki
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Related Concepts

Antibodies, Bacterial
Antigens, Bacterial
Cross Reactions
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Variolation
Antibody Dissociation
Neisseria meningitidis
Polysaccharides, Bacterial
Sialic Acids
Vaccines

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