Comparative studies of (--)-, (+/-)-propranolol, atenolol, guanethidine, bretylium and tetracaine on adrenergic transmission

British Journal of Pharmacology
M KaihoY Misu


1 Effects of (--)-, (+/-)-, and (+)-propranolol, atenolol, guanethidine, bretylium and tetracaine were studied on relaxation responses of rabbit ileum and contractile responses of rabbit pulmonary artery and guinea-pig vas deferens to electrical nerve stimulation (2 to 50 Hz). 2 In the ileum, inhibition by tetracaine 3.3 x 10(-6) M occurred at high frequencies of stimulation, while bretylium 1.2 x 10(-4) M and guanethidine 2 x 10(-5) M inhibited responses at all frequencies, the latter producing greater inhibition at low frequencies. 3 (+/-)-Propranolol 10(-5) M produced a tetracaine-type inhibition after 1 h and a bretylium-pattern after 2 h in the ilea and pulmonary arteries and a transition from bretylium- to guanethidine-pattern in the vas deferens, while atenolol 2 x 10(-5) to 10(-4) M produced guanethidine-type inhibition in all preparations. 4 (--)-, (+/-)-, and (+)-Propranolol 3 x 10(-6) to 3.3 x 10(-5) M were equipotent in the vas deferens and ileum. However, inhibition by (--)-propranolol 3.3 x 10(-5) M persisted in the ileum, while that by the (+)-isomer was partially restored by washing. 5 (--)- or (+)-Propranolol 3.3 x 10(-5) M or atenolol 2 x 10(-5) M did not inhibit relaxation of the ileum after the bath temperat...Continue Reading


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