PMID: 7554Jan 1, 1976

Comparative studies on polyguanylate polymerase and polyadenylate polymerase activities in the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase I fraction from cauliflower

Journal of Biochemistry
T Mizuochi, H Fukasawa


The properties of poly(G) polymerase and poly(A) polymerase activities in the DNA-dependent RNA polymerase [nucleosidetriphosphate: RNA nucleotidyltransferase EC] I fraction from cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis) were comparatively investigated. The pH optimum, the effect of ionic strength, the effect of substrate concentration on the rate of synthesis, the effect of divalent metal ion concentration, and the time course of synthesis at different temperatures were all different for the three polymerase activities. The enzyme fraction preferentially utilized denatured DNA. Synthetic poly(C) and poly(U) were more effectively utillized for the synthesis of polyguanylate and polyadenylate, respectively. Further, it was found that poly(G) and poly(A) formed in vitro by the enzyme fraction had chain length of 25-28 and 84-89 nucleotides, respectively, and that poly (adenylate-gluanylate) chain was hardly formed when ATP and GTP were added together as substrates in the same reaction medium.

Related Concepts

Adenosine Triphosphate, Chromium Ammonium Salt
Guanosine Triphosphate
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Polynucleotide Adenylyltransferase

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