Comparative study of the resistance or susceptibility of local Nigerian and exotic chickens to infectious bursal disease

Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A
J O Okoye, E P Aba-Adulugba

Abstract

Local or village chickens are the major source of poultry products in less developed countries, but information is limited on their susceptibility or resistance to diseases. In this work, 6-week-old local Nigerian chickens, pullets and broilers were used. One day before infection the mean body weight of the broilers was more than twice that of the pullets and local chickens. The bursa: body weight (B:BW) indices of the pullets and local chickens were similar, but were significantly higher than those of broilers. Following inoculation intraocularly with pathogenic infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) drowsiness, drop in feed and water consumption, and diarrhoea were observed among the local chickens and pullets on day 2 post inoculation (p.i.) and in the broilers on day 3 p.i. Body weight losses from 1 to 11 days p.i. were significantly higher in the local chickens and pullets than in the broilers, total mortalities being 17.6, 50.0 and 61.51% in broilers, pullets and local chickens, respectively. Necropsy showed that dehydration and proventricular haemorrhages occurred most frequent in the local chickens. The response correlated with the B:BW indices on day 14 p.i. This showed that local Nigerian chickens are more susceptible...Continue Reading

References

Nov 1, 1987·Tropical Animal Health and Production·J G Bell, M Mouahid
May 1, 1974·Tropical Animal Health and Production·T A Aire, M O Ojo
Nov 1, 1983·Tropical Animal Health and Production·A SalmanM Ginawi
Dec 1, 1992·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·F G Davelaar, J Bos
Jun 1, 1993·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·G O EcheonwuA C Emeruwa
Mar 1, 1991·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·T P BergG Meulemans

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jun 1, 2000·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·T C CardosoC W Arns
Oct 25, 2002·Avian Pathology : Journal of the W.V.P.A·Mohamed K HassanMona M Aly

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.