Comparative Transcriptomics of Cold Growth and Adaptive Features of a Eury- and Steno-Psychrophile

Frontiers in Microbiology
Isabelle Raymond-BouchardLyle G Whyte

Abstract

Permafrost subzero environments harbor diverse, active communities of microorganisms. However, our understanding of the subzero growth, metabolisms, and adaptive properties of these microbes remains very limited. We performed transcriptomic analyses on two subzero-growing permafrost isolates with different growth profiles in order to characterize and compare their cold temperature growth and cold-adaptive strategies. The two organisms, Rhodococcus sp. JG3 (-5 to 30°C) and Polaromonas sp. Eur3 1.2.1 (-5 to 22°C), shared several common responses during low temperature growth, including induction of translation and ribosomal processes, upregulation of nutrient transport, increased oxidative and osmotic stress responses, and stimulation of polysaccharide capsule synthesis. Recombination appeared to be an important adaptive strategy for both isolates at low temperatures, likely as a mechanism to increase genetic diversity and the potential for survival in cold systems. While Rhodococcus sp. JG3 favored upregulating iron and amino acid transport, sustaining redox potential, and modulating fatty acid synthesis and composition during growth at -5°C compared to 25°C, Polaromonas sp. Eur3 1.2.1 increased the relative abundance of transcr...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Microorganism
Study
Biochemical Pathway
Osmoregulation
Steno
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Microbial Anatomical Capsule Structure
Energy Metabolism
oligomannurarate sulfate
Food

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