Comparing ecological momentary assessment to sensor-based approaches in predicting dietary lapse.

Translational Behavioral Medicine
Rebecca J CrochiereEvan M Forman

Abstract

Ecological momentary assessment (EMA; brief self-report surveys) of dietary lapse risk factors (e.g., cravings) has shown promise in predicting and preventing dietary lapse (nonadherence to a dietary prescription), which can improve weight loss interventions. Passive sensors also can measure lapse risk factors and may offer advantages over EMA (e.g., objective, automatic, semicontinuous data collection), but currently can measure only a few lapse predictors, a notable limitation. This study preliminarily compared the burden and accuracy of commercially available sensors versus established EMA in lapse prediction. N = 23 adults with overweight/obesity completed a 6-week commercial app-based weight loss program. Participants wore a Fitbit, enabled GPS tracking, completed EMA, and reported on EMA and sensor burden poststudy via a 5-point Likert scale. Sensed risk factors were physical activity and sleep (accelerometer), geolocation (GPS), and time, from which 233 features (measurable characteristics of sensor signals) were extracted. EMA measured 19 risk factors, lapse, and categorized GPS into meaningful geolocations. Two supervised binary classification models (LASSO) were created: the sensor model predicted lapse with 63% sensi...Continue Reading

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