PMID: 3326434Jan 1, 1987Paper

Comparing HEp-2 cell line with rat liver in routine screening test for antinuclear and antinucleolar autoantibodies in autoimmune diseases

Annales de biologie clinique
A C ProstA Combrisson

Abstract

The comparative study of the human tumor cell line HEp-2 and rat liver for the detection of antinuclear and antinucleolar autoantibodies by the indirect immunofluorescence technic in routine screening test demonstrate that, taking titer and staining pattern into account, both substrates are able to separate autoimmune disease (systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and primary biliary cirrhosis) patients from healthy subjects. The minimal screening test must include sera diluted 1:20 and 1:80. The capability of the HEp-2 substrate to reveal and to discriminate different speckled nuclear and nucleolar patterns explain its greater performance, notably in detecting anticentromere antibodies highly specific for the CREST syndrome and a speckled nuclear antibody frequently associated with primary biliary cirrhosis, allowing an earlier diagnosis of autoimmune diseases presenting these patterns.

Related Concepts

Fluorescent Antinuclear Antibodies
Autoantibodies
Autoimmune Diseases
Cell Nucleolus
Immunofluorescence Assay
Liver
August Rats

Related Feeds

Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases occur as a result of an attack by the immune system on the body’s own tissues resulting in damage and dysfunction. There are different types of autoimmune diseases, in which there is a complex and unknown interaction between genetics and the environment. Discover the latest research on autoimmune diseases here.

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Autoimmune hepatitis formerly called lupoid hepatitis, is a chronic, autoimmune disease of the liver that occurs when the body's immune system attacks liver cells causing the liver to be inflamed. Discover the latest research on autoimmune hepatitis here.