May 21, 2020

Comparing the Efficiency, Radiation Exposure, and Accuracy Using C-Arm versus O-Arm With 3D Navigation in Placement of Transiliac-Transsacral and Iliosacral Screws: A Cadaveric Study Evaluating an Early Career Surgeon

Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Edgar T AraizaHolly T Pilson

Abstract

To compare the efficiency, radiation exposure to surgeon and patient, and accuracy of C-arm versus O-arm with navigation in the placement of transiliac-transsacral and iliosacral screws by an orthopaedic trauma fellow, for a surgeon early in practice. Twelve fresh frozen cadavers were obtained. Preoperative computed tomography scans were reviewed to assess for safe corridors in the S1 and S2 segments. Iliosacral screws were assigned to the S1 segment in dysmorphic pelvises. Screws were randomized to modality and laterality. An orthopaedic trauma fellow placed all screws. Time of procedure and radiation exposure to the cadaver and surgeon were recorded. Three fellowship-trained orthopaedic trauma surgeons rated the safety of each screw on postoperative computed tomography scan. Six normal and 6 dysmorphic pelvises were identified. Eighteen transiliac-transsacral screws and 6 iliosacral screws were distributed evenly between C-arm and O-arm. Average operative duration per screw was significantly shorter using C-arm compared with O-arm (15.7 minutes ± 6.1 vs. 23.7 ± 8.5, P = 0.014). Screw placement with C-arm exposed the surgeon to a significantly greater amount of radiation (3.87 × 10 rads vs. 0.32 × 10, P < 0.001) while O-arm ex...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Upper Arm
X-Ray Computed Tomography
Armadillo Domain Proteins
Mandibular Left Central Primary Incisor
Orthopedics
Entire Upper Limb
Local Anesthetic Sacral Epidural Block
Three-dimensional
Ozone
Exposure to Radiation

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