DOI: 10.1101/517482Jan 12, 2019Paper

Comparison of antihypertensive drug classes for dementia prevention

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Venexia M WalkerPatrick G Kehoe


Introduction: There is evidence that hypertension in midlife can increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia in late life. In addition, some treatments for hypertension have been proposed to have cognitive benefits, independent of their effect on hypertension. Consequently, there is potential to repurpose treatments for hypertension for dementia. This study systematically compared seven antihypertensive drug classes for this purpose, using data on over 849,000 patients from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink. Methods: Treatments for hypertension were assessed in an instrumental variable (IV) analysis to address potential confounding and reverse causation. Physicians' prescribing preference was used as a categorical instrument, defined by the physicians' last seven prescriptions. Participants were new antihypertensive users between 1996-2016, aged 40 and over. Findings: We analysed 849,378 patients with total follow up of 5,497,266 patient-years. Beta-adrenoceptor blockers and vasodilator antihypertensives were found to confer small protective effects - for example, vasodilator antihypertensives resulted in 27 (95% CI: 17 to 38; p=4.4e-7) fewer cases of any dementia per 1000 treated compared with diuretic...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Alzheimer's Disease
Antihypertensive Agents
Dementia, Vascular
Hypertensive Disease
National Research Council
Hemoglobin Bristol

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