Comparison of del Nido Cardioplegia vs blood cardioplegia in adult aortic surgery is the single-dose cardioplegia technique really advantageous?

Asian Journal of Surgery
Cuneyt ErisAhmet Kagan As

Abstract

/objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the operative and early postoperative results of the use of del Nido Cardioplegia solution (dNCS) with traditional blood cardioplegia (BC) in adult aortic surgery. A retrospective single-center study was performed on 118 patients who underwent aortic surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) between January 2016 and June 2020. Patients were divided in to two groups according to the type of cardioplegia solution used. Cardiac arrest was achieved in Group 1 (n = 65) with traditional BC and in Group 2 (n = 53) with dNCS. Operative and postoperative outcomes of the patients were compared between the two groups. Patient demographic characteristics were similar between the two groups. dNCS group showed significantly lower aortic cross-clamp (ACC) time (73.3 vs. 87.5 min, P = 0.001), cardioplegia volume (1323.9 ± 368.5 vs. 2773.8 ± 453.8 ml, P< 0.001), defibrillation rate (44.4%vs. 69.2%, P = 0.006), drainage amount (412 ± 73.2 vs. 446.9 ± 95.1 ml, P = 0.026) and inotropic support need (37% vs. 55.3%, P = 0.046). Also dNCS group had significantly lower high sensitive troponin I (hsTnI) levels at 6th (203.5 ± 68.6 vs. 275.7 ± 76.2 ng/L, P< 0.001) and 24th (253.1 ± 101 vs. 293.4 ± ...Continue Reading

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