Mar 29, 2011

Comparison of global tests for functional gene sets in two-group designs and selection of potentially effect-causing genes

Bioinformatics
Klaus JungTim Beissbarth

Abstract

An important object in the analysis of high-throughput genomic data is to find an association between the expression profile of functional gene sets and the different levels of a group response. Instead of multiple testing procedures which focus on single genes, global tests are usually used to detect a group effect in an entire gene set. In a simulation study, we compare the power and computation times of four different approaches for global testing. The applicability of one of these methods to gene expression data is demonstrated for the first time. In addition, we propose an algorithm for the detection of those genes which might be responsible for a group effect. We could detect that the power of three of the approaches is comparable in many settings but considerable differences were detected in the computation times. Our proposed gene selection algorithm was able to detect potentially effect-causing genes in artificial sets with high power when many genes were altered with a small effect, while classical multiple testing was more powerful when few genes were altered with a large effect. An R-package called 'RepeatedHighDim' which implements our new global test procedures is made available from http://cran.r-project.org/.

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Genome
Colorectal Neoplasms
Gene Expression
Genomics
Testicular Neoplasms
Cdna Microarrays
MRNA Differential Display

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