PMID: 14622315Nov 19, 2003Paper

Comparison of impedance minute ventilation and direct measured minute ventilation in a rate adaptive pacemaker

Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE
Ron SimonJaswinder Gill


Respiration rate (RR) and minute ventilation (MV) provide important clinical information on the state of the patient. This study evaluated the accuracy of determining these using a pacemaker impedance sensor. In 20 patients who were previously implanted with a Guidant PULSAR MAX group of pacemakers, the telemetered impedance sensor waveform was recorded simultaneously with direct volume respiration waveforms as measured by a pneumatometer. Patients underwent 30 minutes of breathing tests while supine and standing, and a 10-minute ergonometer bicycle exercise test at a workload of 50 W. Breathing tests included regular and rapid-shallow breathing sequences. RR was determined by a computerized algorithm, from impedance and respiration signals. The mean RR by impedance was 21.3 +/- 7.7 breaths/min, by direct volume was 21.1 +/- 7.6 breaths/min, range 7-66, the mean difference of RR measured by the impedance sensor, as compared with the true measurement, being 0.2 +/- 2.1 breaths/min. During the entire exercise, the mean correlation coefficient between impedance (iMV) and direct measured MV was 0.96 +/- 0.03, slope 0.13 +/- 0.05 L/Omega and range 0.07-0.26 L/Omega. Bland-Altman limits of agreement were +/- 4.6 L/min for MV versus i...Continue Reading


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