PMID: 8111069Jan 1, 1993

Comparison of in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry for the detection of residual beta cells in the pancreas of streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats

Acta Diabetologica
J Van GompelG Klöppel

Abstract

The relative efficacy of immunocytochemistry versus in situ hybridization in identifying residual beta cells was studied in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Consecutive sections of pancreas of streptozotocin-treated diabetic rats and control animals were alternately subjected to in situ hybridization (synthetic oligonucleotides complementary to rat preproinsulin mRNA) and immunocytochemistry (monoclonal antibodies to insulin). The results obtained with both methods were quantitated with the use of computer-assisted image analysis, and the ratio of cells positive by immunocytochemistry to those positive by in situ hybridization was determined. Under normoglycaemic conditions the values obtained by immunocytochemistry correlated well with those obtained by in situ hybridization (immuno/in situ > 95%). In the streptozotocin diabetic animals, however, immunocytochemistry resulted in a distinct underestimation of the number of residual beta cells (immuno/in situ < 80%). This difference was even more striking in small islet cell clusters (< 100 microns) (immuno/in situ 20%). These results suggest that in situ hybridization for prohormone mRNA is the method of choice for the identification of residual or regenerating beta ce...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 1, 1976·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·L OrciR H Unger
Apr 1, 1991·The Journal of Pathology·Q HamidJ M Polak
Dec 1, 1987·Human Pathology·R V Lloyd
Feb 1, 1989·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·L ChenR H Unger
Sep 1, 1985·Endocrinology·D G PipeleersW Gepts
Sep 1, 1969·Diabetes·G Brosky, J LOGOTHETOPOULOS

Related Concepts

Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies, antineoplastic
Benign Tumor of Pancreas
Myopathy
Immunocytochemistry
Preproinsulin
Insulin B Chain
Streptozotocin Diabetes
Proinsulin
MUROMONAB-CD3, Parenteral,5 MG Administered

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.