Comparison of initial distribution volume of glucose and plasma volume in thoracic fluid-accumulated patients

Critical Care Medicine
H IshiharaA Matsuki


We have reported that initial distribution volume of glucose indicates the central extracellular fluid volume in the presence of fluid gain or loss. The purpose of this study was to describe changes in initial distribution volume of glucose, plasma volume determined by the indocyanine green dilution method (PV-ICG), and thoracic fluid content by thoracic electrical bioimpedance in patients with or without apparent thoracic fluid accumulation in the absence of pleural effusion. We also sought to test whether initial distribution volume of glucose rather than PV-ICG mirrors thoracic fluid content. Prospective, clinical study. General intensive care unit. Eleven consecutive patients with apparent thoracic fluid accumulation as judged by thoracic fluid content >0.05/ohm and underlying pathology and 20 consecutive acute myocardial infarction patients within 24 hrs after its onset were selected for study. None of the acute myocardial infarction patients had thoracic fluid content >0.05/ohm. Five grams of glucose and 25 mg of indocyanine green were administered simultaneously to calculate initial distribution volume of glucose and PV-ICG daily for the fluid-accumulated patients, and the same dosages were administered to the acute myoc...Continue Reading


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