Comparison of ketoconazole and amphotericin B in interference with thymidine uptake by and blastogenesis of lymphocytes stimulated with Histoplasma capsulatum antigens.

Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
R H Alford, B B Cartwright


Human peripheral blood lymphocytes stimulated with Histoplasma capsulatum yeasts were exposed in culture to graded concentrations of ketoconazole or amphotericin B and subsequently assessed for membrane integrity, thymidine uptake, and blastogenesis. Lymphocyte reactivity varied with concentration and duration of exposure to ketoconazole. Overt membrane toxicity resulted from exposure to 40 micrograms of ketoconazole per ml for 5 days, diminished thymidine uptake occurred with concentrations as low as 5 micrograms/ml, and 15 to 20 micrograms/ml caused a marked decrease in thymidine uptake and eventually diminished blastogenesis. The antilymphocyte action of ketoconazole was neutralized by increasing the concentration of human serum in cultures to 40% regardless of its cholesterol content. Amphotericin B activity was qualitatively similar but less pronounced.


Dec 18, 1982·Lancet·I Smith, A Moshtaghfard
Jul 1, 1981·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·I J Sud, D S Feingold
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Nov 1, 1974·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·A Tärnvik, S Ansehn

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