Comparison of laser and radiofrequency dorsal root entry zone lesions in cats

Neurosurgery
W J LevyC Watts

Abstract

Dorsal root entry zone lesions are effective in the control of intractable pain in several types of spinal cord injuries. Traditionally, these lesions have been made with the radiofrequency technique. This is effective, but has the drawback of being laborious, and there is a significant incidence of permanent weakness. We have evaluated the carbon dioxide laser, hoping that it would be both faster and more controlled, thereby offering the chance to lower the complication rate. In comparing a parallel series of radiofrequency and laser dorsal root entry zone lesions along the cat's spinal cord, we observed that the radiofrequency lesion was larger. In addition, it had 3 times more variability in its size than the laser lesion. We attribute this in part to the nature of the laser in making a very precise and reproducible lesion. Second, the extremely brief pulse of the laser, a fraction of a second, means that movement of the spinal cord from respiration and heartbeat and movement of the surgical instrument from the surgeon's hand become far less important in inducing lesion variability. We also studied for 2 months a series of chronic cats; there were no complications due to the laser. This work suggests that the laser is a usef...Continue Reading

Citations

Jan 1, 1994·Lasers in Surgery and Medicine·S Krishnamurthy, S K Powers
Jan 1, 1992·Acta neurochirurgica·Y KumagaiE Ohama
Nov 1, 1990·Neurophysiologie clinique = Clinical neurophysiology·M SindouP Mertens

Related Concepts

Metazoa
Felis catus
Ganglia, Spinal
Pain, Intractable
Very High Frequency Waves
Spinal Cord
Post-Traumatic Myelopathy
Laser Surgery

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