Comparison of left ventricular function and volumes during transesophageal atrial pacing combined with two-dimensional echocardiography in patients with syndrome X, atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, and normal subjects

The American Journal of Cardiology
M AnselmiP Zardini

Abstract

Nine patients with syndrome X were compared with 2 groups of patients known to have coronary artery disease (CAD) (8 patients who developed regional wall motion abnormalities [group ECHO+] and 6 patients who showed only ST depression at echo-pacing [group ECG+]) and with 6 healthy volunteer control subjects. Left ventricular function at rest was normal in all patients. End-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (ml/m2) and ejection fraction were calculated at baseline and at peak of echo-pacing using a Simpson's biplane method. No regional wall motion abnormalities were observed during the echo-pacing in patients with syndrome X or in the volunteers. End-diastolic volume decreased in patients with syndrome X, in the volunteers (from 47 +/- 11 to 30 +/- 12 and from 72 +/- 7 to 38 +/- 6, respectively, p <0.01 for both), and in ECG+ patients (from 48 +/- 10 to 33 +/- 6, p <0.05), whereas it did not change in ECHO+ patients. End-systolic volume decreased in patients with syndrome X and in the volunteers (from 17 +/- 5 to 11 +/- 4 and from 28 +/- 6 to 16 +/- 4, respectively, p <0.01 for both), whereas it did not change or else slightly increased in patients with CAD (from 18 +/- 10 to 16 +/- 5 for ECG+ patients and from 19 +/- 5 to 24 +...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Sep 4, 2007·Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : Official Publication of the American Society of Echocardiography·Patricia A PellikkaUNKNOWN American Society of Echocardiography
Nov 22, 2000·American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology·A BuffonA Maseri

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