Comparison of mianserin with desipramine, maprotiline and phentolamine on cardiac presynaptic and vascular postsynaptic alpha-adrenoceptors and noradrenaline reuptake in pithed normotensive rats

British Journal of Pharmacology
I CaveroA G Roach

Abstract

1 The cardiovascular effects of intravenous desipramine (0.03 and 0.1 mg/kg), maprotiline (0.5 mg/kg), mianserin (1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg) and phentolamine (0.25 mg/kg) were examined and compared in pithed rats. Several experimental procedures were used in order to distinguish between the effects of the compounds on cardiac presynaptic alpha-adrenoceptors and on neuronal noradrenaline reuptake, as inhibition of either mechanism produces an increase of neurotransmitter concentration within the sympathetic synapse and therefore results in a greater end organ response.2 Pressor responses elicited by noradrenaline were potentiated by desipramine and maprotiline, reduced by phentolamine and not significantly modified by mianserin. However, all four compounds inhibited the pressor action of tyramine. Furthermore, mianserin reduced the pressor response to adrenaline.3 Desipramine, maprotiline and mianserin, but not phentolamine enhanced the positive chronotropic effects of noradrenaline, without affecting those of isoprenaline.4 All four compounds abolished the clonidine-induced inhibition of heart rate responses to short term electrical stimulation of the spinal cord. Moreover, in rats with a persistent tachycardia (induced by continuous s...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 1, 1982·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·Y PommierH Schmitt
Jan 1, 1987·European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology·H C MiddletonI H Mills
Jan 1, 1984·Journal of Psychiatric Research·A RoseM J Rand
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Apr 16, 2021·Frontiers in Neuroscience·Tri Huu DoanTadachika Koganezawa

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