Jan 22, 2005

Comparison of properties of spontaneous and radiation-induced mouse thymic lymphomas: role of Trp53 and radiation

Radiation Research
Tomoyuki KubotaRyo Kominami

Abstract

Mouse thymic lymphomas are readily induced by radiation and also arise without irradiation when the mice are null in Trp53 functions. In the present study, spontaneous thymic lymphomas in Trp53-/- mice were compared to those arising in irradiated Trp53+/- mice, revealing three features characteristic of the spontaneous lymphomas. (1) Mp53D2, a Trp53 modifier that affects the latent period of radiogenic thymic lymphomas in Trp53+/- mice, had no effect on the development of spontaneous lymphomas. (2) A sex difference in the latency was found. (3) A marked difference was noted in the frequency of allelic loss at the Ikaros gene on chromosome 11, encoding a transcription factor required for normal lymphocyte development and differentiation; 2% in the lymphomas of Trp53-/- mice and 78% in the radiogenic lymphomas of Trp53+/- mice, suggesting that loss of Trp53 may reduce the requirement for the loss of Ikaros for lymphomagenesis. Furthermore, allelic loss analysis on chromosome 19 localized a region that may harbor an unknown tumor suppressor gene. These results suggest intricate steps of lymphomagenesis influenced by the presence or absence of Trp53.

  • References35
  • Citations2

References

Mentioned in this Paper

TP53 gene
Non-Homologous DNA End-Joining
Biochemical Pathway
T-Lymphocyte
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Mice, Inbred BALB C
Neoplasms
Signal Transduction Pathways
Loss of Heterozygosity
Homologous Recombination

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis

Apoptosis in Cancer

Apoptosis is an important mechanism in cancer. By evading apoptosis, tumors can continue to grow without regulation and metastasize systemically. Many therapies are evaluating the use of pro-apoptotic activation to eliminate cancer growth. Here is the latest research on apoptosis in cancer.