Comparison of rat and human left ventricle beta-adrenergic receptors: subtype heterogeneity delineated by direct radioligand binding

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
T VagoG Norbiato

Abstract

Beta adrenergic receptors were identified in rat myocardial left ventricle and human papillary muscle by using the antagonist radioligand 3H-dihydroalprenolol. The number (37.3 and 44.5 fmol/mg of protein, respectively in rat and man), and the KD (1.6 and 2.8 nM, respectively in rat and man) of beta receptors were not significantly different. Adrenergic receptors of both beta 1 and beta 2 subtypes were found to coexist in the left ventricle. The relative proportions of the two beta receptor subtypes were determined by the use of competition radioligand selective binding and computer modelling techniques employing the subtype selective antagonists ICI 118,551 (beta 2 selective) and atenolol (beta 1 selective) in rat or metoprolol (beta 1 selective) in man. The rat left ventricle contained about 74% beta 1 and 26% beta 2 adrenergic receptors, human left ventricle papillary muscles contained about 69% beta 1 and 31% beta 2. Human and rat left ventricles contain both beta 1 and beta 2 adrenergic receptors with similar affinities. Rat might be a model for the study of human myocardial beta adrenergic receptors.

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