Comparison of the attenuating effects of four beta-adrenoceptor agonists on rat isolated uterus and aorta

Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
S A Doggrell

Abstract

1. The ability of four beta-adrenoceptor agonists to attenuate oxytocin (0.2, 2 and 20 nmol/L) or KCl (20, 40 and 80 mmol/L)-induced contractions of the uterus (n = 5-8 for each agonist) and the KCl (18 mmol/L)-induced contractions of the aorta (n = 9 for each agonist) from rats, pretreated with oestradiol has been compared. 2. Isoprenaline, salbutamol, terbutaline and procaterol (0.1-10 mumol/L) attenuated the contractions of the uterus and the aorta. All four agonists had similar attenuating potencies on the uterus. 3. Procaterol caused the same maximal attenuation (33%) on the aorta as the other beta-adrenoceptor agonists and is thus acting as a full beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist under these experimental conditions. Isoprenaline and procaterol were much more potent than salbutamol and terbutaline in attenuating the aorta responses. 4. This study showed that isoprenaline and procaterol were potent attenuants on both the uterus and aorta whereas salbutamol and terbutaline were potent uterine but only modest aorta attenuants. This preliminary study indicates that the responsiveness of uterine and vascular tissue to certain beta 2-adrenoceptors differs.

Citations

Jun 19, 2007·BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth·M BardouJohn J Morrison

Related Concepts

Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Metazoa
Ascending Aorta Structure
Inotropism
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular
Syntocinon
Potassium
Uterine Contraction
Rats, Wistar
Rats, Laboratory

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