Dec 1, 1974

Comparison of the effects on renin release of beta adrenergic antagonists with differing properties

The Journal of Clinical Investigation
M A WeberJ M Gain

Abstract

Continuous 6-h infusions of the beta adrenergic blockers d,l-propranolol or oxprenolol significantly reduced plasma renin activity (PRA) and mean blood pressure in the resting rabbit and prevented the stimulatory effects of isoproterenol on renin release and heart rate. These actions were due to blockade of beta receptors, for the inactive isomer, d-propranolol, had no effect. Despite sustained high plasma concentrations of d,l-propranolol (0.2 mug/ml) in the unstimulated animal, PRA did not fall below 36% of control values, suggesting that basal renin secretion is maintained partly by factors other than beta adrenergic mechanisms.Prindolol, another beta blocker, also abolished the effects of isoproterenol on renin and on the heart, and reduced blood pressure in the resting animal. However, prindolol increased resting PRA and heart rate, and in animals already receiving d,l-propranolol, it raised PRA and heart rate without further altering blood pressure. This suggests that the effect on PRA of prindolol was due to its intrinsic sympathomimetic activity and not hypotension-mediated mechanisms. The observation that the blood pressure-lowering effect of prindolol was associated with a rise in PRA, while another beta antagonist, H...Continue Reading

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  • Citations43

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Sympathomimetics
Sympathomimetic Disorder
Visken
Practolol
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Antagonist Muscle Action
Potassium
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Photometry

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