PMID: 10334Oct 1, 1976

Comparison of the inactivation of IgM and IgG complement fixation sites by acid and base

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
B D StollarS Morecki


Rabbit IgM antibodies to denatured mammalian or T6 bacteriophage DNA or poly(A)-poly(U) irreversibly lost complement-(C) fixation reactivity on exposure to low pH and reneutralization, with a halving of the complement-fixation titer occurring after treatment at about pH 3. The titers of IgG antibodies to denatured phage DNA, to poly(A)-poly(U), or to hemocyanin were halved only after exposure to pH 2. Inactivation by acid was enhanced by low protein concentrations, incubation at higher temperatures, and by slow reneutralization; under all these conditions it was more extensive with IgM than with IgG. Inactivation of IgM C-fixation activity at pH 2.5 and room temperature was a first order reaction, with a half-time of about 20 min. Both classes retained antigen-binding activity after exposure to pH 2. In the alkaline range, full C-fixation reactivity was retained by both classes after reneutralization from pH 11.5, some loss occurred at pH 12, and total irreversible inactivation occurred by pH 12.5. In the latter case, antigen-binding activity was also lost. The C-fixation inactivation curves in the alkaline range were similar for IgG and IgM antibodies.

Related Concepts

Binding Sites, Antibody
Bos indicus
Complement Fixation Tests
DNA, Double-Stranded
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Neutralization Tests
Protein Denaturation

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