After the Norwood procedure, early postoperative neonatal physiology is characterized by hemodynamic instability and imbalance of oxygen transport that is commonly attributed to surgical myocardial injury and a systemic inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Because the Hybrid procedure (arterial duct stenting and bilateral pulmonary artery banding) avoids CPB, cardioplegic arrest, and circulatory arrest, we hypothesized that the Hybrid procedure is associated with superior postoperative hemodynamics and oxygen transport. Oxygen consumption (VO2) was continuously measured using respiratory mass spectrometry for 72 hours after Hybrid (n=6) and Norwood (n=13) procedures. Arterial, superior vena cava, and pulmonary venous blood gases and pressures were measured at 2- to 4-hour intervals to calculate systemic and pulmonary blood flows (Qs, Qp), and systemic vascular resistance (SVR), total pulmonary vascular resistance including pulmonary arterial band or B-T shunt (tPVR), cardiac output (CO), oxygen delivery (DO2), and oxygen extraction ratio (ERO2). Rate-pressure product was calculated as heart rate x systolic arterial pressure. When compared with the Norwood procedure, the early postoperative Hybrid patients had ...Continue Reading
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