Comparison of three schedules of intravesical epirubicin in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer

European Urology
Kees HendricksenJ Alfred Witjes


To study the additive effect of either an early instillation or maintenance instillations of adjuvant intravesical epirubicin, as compared to the epirubicin "standard" treatment schedule only, in patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Patients with intermediate- and high-risk urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder, except carcinoma in situ, were randomised for adjuvant intravesical instillations with 50mg epirubicin/50 ml NaCl for 1h. Group 1 received 4 weekly and 5 monthly instillations (standard schedule), group 2 received the same schedule as group 1, but with an additional instillation <48 h after transurethral resection of bladder tumour (TURBT), and group 3 received the same scheme as group 1, but with additional instillations at 9 and 12 mo (maintenance schedule). Standard follow-up was 5 yr and consisted of cystoscopy, cytology, and registration of adverse events. A total of 731 patients were eligible for quasi intention-to-treat analysis. Side-effects were minimal for all treatment groups. After 5-yr follow-up, respectively, 44.4%, 42.7%, and 45.0% (log-rank test, p=0.712) of the patients in groups 1, 2, and 3 were recurrence free, and 90.0%, 87.7%, and 88.2% (log-rank test, p=0.593) of the patients, respe...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Intravesical Injection
Antibiotics, Cytotoxic
Malignant Neoplasm of Urinary Bladder
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Cystoscopic Surgical Procedures
Drug Administration Schedule
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