Jun 1, 1994

Comparison of transit-time and Doppler ultrasound methods for measurement of flow in aortocoronary bypass grafts during cardiac surgery

The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
K MatreL Segadal


To evaluate the accuracy of flow measurements in aortocoronary bypass grafts with the ultrasound transit-time method, an in vitro and in vivo comparison was carried out. The in vitro comparison with evaluation against both true flow and the ultrasound Doppler method, was carried out with a fresh saphenous vein mounted in a pulsatile flow rig. The two flow probes were placed on the graft 4-5 cm apart to avoid acoustic interference, and blood was pumped through the system at different flow rates. The comparison between the methods showed excellent agreement with a linear correlation coefficient of 0.996, and a mean error of -2.9 ml/min with limits of agreement +/- 13.1 ml/min (+/- 2 SD = 95% of measured differences between these limits). However, against true flow, both methods overestimated flow slightly with mean error 4.4 and 7.3 ml/min for the transit-time and Doppler, respectively. Both methods showed excellent correlation with true flow (correlation coefficient 0.998 for the transit-time and 0.997 for the Doppler method). The in vivo accuracy was evaluated by comparison of the two methods in 9 patients. The two probes were placed on the same saphenous vein grafts 4-5 cm apart, and a total of 34 measurements in 17 grafts wer...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations15


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations15


Mentioned in this Paper

Blood Flow Velocity
Log-Linear Models
Doppler Ultrasound Imaging
Saphenous Vein
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery
Pulsatile Flow
Models, Structural
Tissue Adhesions

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery : the Official Journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery
J LaustsenW P Paaske
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery : Official Journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Giuseppe D'AnconaT A Salerno
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved