Comparison of transit-time and Doppler ultrasound methods for measurement of flow in aortocoronary bypass grafts during cardiac surgery

The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
K MatreL Segadal

Abstract

To evaluate the accuracy of flow measurements in aortocoronary bypass grafts with the ultrasound transit-time method, an in vitro and in vivo comparison was carried out. The in vitro comparison with evaluation against both true flow and the ultrasound Doppler method, was carried out with a fresh saphenous vein mounted in a pulsatile flow rig. The two flow probes were placed on the graft 4-5 cm apart to avoid acoustic interference, and blood was pumped through the system at different flow rates. The comparison between the methods showed excellent agreement with a linear correlation coefficient of 0.996, and a mean error of -2.9 ml/min with limits of agreement +/- 13.1 ml/min (+/- 2 SD = 95% of measured differences between these limits). However, against true flow, both methods overestimated flow slightly with mean error 4.4 and 7.3 ml/min for the transit-time and Doppler, respectively. Both methods showed excellent correlation with true flow (correlation coefficient 0.998 for the transit-time and 0.997 for the Doppler method). The in vivo accuracy was evaluated by comparison of the two methods in 9 patients. The two probes were placed on the same saphenous vein grafts 4-5 cm apart, and a total of 34 measurements in 17 grafts wer...Continue Reading

Citations

May 23, 2002·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Tetsuro MorotaChing-Tsorng Huang
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