Comparison of whole-exome sequencing of matched fresh and formalin fixed paraffin embedded melanoma tumours: implications for clinical decision making

Pathology
Ricardo De Paoli-IseppiRichard A Scolyer

Abstract

The identification of recurrent driver mutations by whole-exome sequencing (WES) of fresh-frozen human cancers and the subsequent development of novel targeted therapies have recently transformed the treatment of many cancers including melanoma. In routine clinical practice, fresh-frozen tissue is rarely available and mutation testing usually needs to be carried out on archival formalin fixed, paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue, from which DNA is typically fragmented, cross-linked and of lower quality. In this study we aimed to determine whether WES data generated from genomic DNA (gDNA) extracted from FFPE tissues can be produced reliably and of clinically-actionable standard. In this study of ten melanoma patients, we compared WES data produced from analysis of gDNA isolated from FFPE tumour tissue with that isolated from fresh-frozen tumour tissue from the same specimen. FFPE samples were sequenced using both Illumina's Nextera and NimbleGen SeqCap exome capture kits. To examine mutations between the two tissue sources and platforms, somatic mutations in the FFPE exomes were called using the matched fresh tissue sequence as a reference. Of the 10 FFPE DNA samples, seven Nextera and four SeqCap samples passed library preparation...Continue Reading

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May 31, 2016·Current Opinion in Immunology·Jennifer WargoPadmanee Sharma
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Related Concepts

Clinical Decision-Making
DNA, Neoplasm
Formalin
Frozen Sections
Melanoma
Paraffin Embedding
Sequence Determinations, DNA
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Exome
Malignant Neoplasms

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