Compartmental analysis of dopa decarboxylation in living brain from dynamic positron emission tomograms

Synapse
P Cumming, A Gjedde

Abstract

The trapping of decarboxylation products of radiolabelled dopa analogs in living human brain occurs as a function of the activity of dopa decarboxylase. This enzyme is now understood to regulate, with tyrosine hydroxylase, cerebral dopamine synthesis. Influx into brain of dopa decarboxylase substrates such as 6-[18F]fluorodopa and beta-[11C]dopa measured by positron emission tomography can be analyzed by solution of linear differential equations, assuming irreversible trapping of the decarboxylated products in brain. The isolation of specific physiological steps in the pathway for catecholamine synthesis requires compartmental modelling of the observed dynamic time-activity curves in plasma and in brain. The several approaches to the compartmental modelling of the kinetics of labelled substrates of dopa decarboxylase are now systematically and critically reviewed. Labelled catechols are extensively metabolized by hepatic catechol-O-methyltransferase yielding brain-penetrating metabolites. The assumption of a fixed blood-brain permeability ratio for O-methyl-6-[18F]fluorodopa or O-methyl-beta-[11C]dopa to the parent compounds eliminates several parameters from compartmental models. However, catechol-O-methyltransferase activity ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Brain
Catechol O-Methyltransferase
Decarboxylation
Dihydroxyphenylalanine Hydrochloride, (2:1)
DOPA decarboxylase
Nervous System Disorder
Tomography, Emission-Computed

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