Apr 18, 1998

Complementary expression of HIP, a cell-surface heparan sulfate binding protein, and perlecan at the human fetal-maternal interface

Biology of Reproduction
L H RohdeD D Carson

Abstract

The human hemochorial placenta is a structure formed by the invasion of cytotrophoblasts into the uterus. Previous studies from our laboratory have demonstrated a role for heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) and their binding proteins in interactions between human trophoblastic and uterine cell lines in vitro. In this study, expression of both mRNA and protein of a novel, cell surface, heparin/heparan sulfate interacting protein (HIP), by human trophoblastic cell lines-i.e., JAR, JEG, and BeWo-and by human cytotrophoblast was examined throughout gestation. Immunohistochemistry of the human fetal-maternal interface demonstrated abundant HIP expression in cytotrophoblast cells, with lesser staining in syncytiotrophoblast and little or no staining in surrounding stromal or decidual cells. Staining with antibodies to the basement membrane HSPG, perlecan, demonstrated a pattern of staining complementary to that of HIP. Cytotrophoblasts in the uterine stroma, not affiliated with attached villi, displayed a less intense deposition of perlecan. In vitro binding studies of 125I-perlecan to a 17-amino acid synthetic peptide sequence of HIP, which has a high affinity and specificity for heparin/heparan sulfate, indicates that perlecan b...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Intestinal Villus
Immunohistochemistry
Heparin
Trophoblast Cell
Syncytiotrophoblasts
Entire Uterus
Placenta Specimen
Stroma

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