Jul 28, 2013

Complementation of HYPONASTIC LEAVES1 by double-strand RNA-binding domains of DICER-LIKE1 in nuclear dicing bodies

Plant Physiology
Qi LiuYuda Fang

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small regulatory RNAs that are found in almost all of the eukaryotes. Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) miRNAs are processed from primary miRNAs (pri-miRNAs), mainly by the ribonuclease III-like enzyme DICER-LIKE1 (DCL1) and its specific partner, HYPONASTIC LEAVES1 (HYL1), a double-strand RNA-binding protein, both of which contain two double-strand RNA-binding domains (dsRBDs). These dsRBDs are essential for miRNA processing, but the functions of them are not clear. Here, we report that the two dsRBDs of DCL1 (DCL1-D1D2), and to some extent the second dsRBD (DCL1-D2), complement the hyl1 mutant, but not the first dsRBD of DCL1 (DCL1-D1). DCL1-D1 is diffusely distributed throughout the nucleoplasm, whereas DCL1-D2 and DCL1-D1D2 concentrate in nuclear dicing bodies in which DCL1 and HYL1 colocalize. We show further that protein-protein interaction is mainly mediated by DCL1-D2, while DCL1-D1 plays a major role in binding of pri-miRNAs. These results suggest parallel roles between C-terminal dsRBDs of DCL1 and N-terminal dsRBDs of HYL1 and support a model in which Arabidopsis pri-miRNAs are recruited to dicing bodies through functionally divergent dsRBDs of microprocessor for accurate processing ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Carboxy-Terminal Amino Acid
Cell Cycle Proteins
Arabidopsis
RNA, Small Temporal
HYL1 protein, Arabidopsis
Ribonuclease III
Protein-Protein Interaction
CD302 gene
DCL1 protein, Arabidopsis
Arabidopsis thaliana Proteins

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