Apr 28, 2020

Loss of CNOT9 begets impairment in gastrulation leading to embryonic lethality

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Hemanta SarmahT. Yamamoto

Abstract

The multi-subunit eukaryotic CCR4-NOT complex imparts gene expression control primarily via messenger RNA (mRNA) decay. Here, we present the role of subunit CNOT9 in target mRNA decay during embryonic development. CNOT9 null mice appear normal by the onset of gastrulation (E7.0), however, exhibit growth and differentiation defects accompanied by extensive cell death by embryonic day 9.5 (E9.5). Sox-2 Cre conditional CNOT9 knockout mice show almost identical phenotype with brief delay in onset and progression, suggesting defects to be epiblast-dominant. Among various identified targets, we show that Lefty2 mRNA expression is post-transcriptionally regulated by CNOT9. Lefty2 3'-UTR containing mRNA has significantly higher stability in cells expressing mutant form of CNOT9, relative to cells expressing wild-type CNOT9. In addition, CNOT9 primarily localizes within the cytoplasm and bridges interactions between the CCR4-NOT complex and miRNA-RISC complex in gastrulating embryos.

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Mentioned in this Paper

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