Mar 20, 2001

Complete nucleotide sequence and analysis of the locus of enterocyte Effacement from rabbit diarrheagenic Escherichia coli RDEC-1

Infection and Immunity
C ZhuEdgar C Boedeker

Abstract

The pathogenicity island termed the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) is found in diverse attaching and effacing pathogens associated with diarrhea in humans and other animal species. To explore the relation of variation in LEE sequences to host specificity and genetic lineage, we determined the nucleotide sequence of the LEE region from a rabbit diarrheagenic Escherichia coli strain RDEC-1 (O15:H-) and compared it with those from human enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC, O127:H6) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC, O157:H7) strains. Differing from EPEC and EHEC LEEs, the RDEC-1 LEE is not inserted at selC and is flanked by an IS2 element and the lifA toxin gene. The RDEC-1 LEE contains a core region of 40 open reading frames, all of which are shared with the LEE of EPEC and EHEC. orf3 and the ERIC (enteric repetitive intergenic consensus) sequence present in the LEEs of EHEC and EPEC are absent from the RDEC-1 LEE. The predicted promoters of LEE1, LEE2, LEE3, tir, and LEE4 operons are highly conserved among the LEEs, although the upstream regions varied considerably for tir and the crucial LEE1 promoter, suggesting differences in regulation. Among the shared genes, high homology (>95% identity) between the RDEC-1 and the EPEC ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathogenic Aspects
Bacterial Proteins
Pathogenesis
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Tir protein, E coli
Toxin
Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Promoter
Process of Secretion
Genome Mapping

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