Oct 10, 2014

Complex brain malformations associated with chromosome 6q27 gain that includes THBS2, which encodes thrombospondin 2, an astrocyte-derived protein of the extracellular matrix

Pediatric and Developmental Pathology : the Official Journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society
Melissa N BurnsideChristopher R Pierson

Abstract

This case describes the autopsy findings of a 2-month-old male infant with extensive and severe developmental brain abnormalities, including microcephaly, neocortical neuronal layering abnormalities, leptomeningeal heterotopias, commissural agenesis, and cerebellar and brainstem hypoplasia. Microarray analysis identified a gain in chromosome band 6q27, which includes the entire coding region of THBS2. THSB2 encodes thrombospondin 2 (TSP2), an astrocyte secreted protein of the extracellular matrix that promotes synaptogenesis, neurite outgrowth, and cerebellar granule cell migration. Thrombospondin 2 is not a matrix structural protein; instead it serves as an extracellular modulator of cell function, so it is considered a matricellular protein. The neuropathological findings at autopsy are compatible with perturbations in several known functions of TSP2 and demonstrate that TSP2 dysregulation can have a significant negative impact on human brain development. Furthermore, this case demonstrates the important role of astrocytes in human brain development.

  • References17
  • Citations2

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Congenital Absence
Microarray Analysis
Chromosome Banding
Brain Diseases
Anatomical Layer
Congenital Anomaly of Brain
Entire Brainstem
Extracellular
Cell Motility
Autopsy

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