PMID: 1564622Feb 1, 1992Paper

Complications of lymphangiomas in children

Journal of Pediatric Surgery
B J HancockH Blanchard

Abstract

One hundred ninety-three cases of lymphangioma presenting in children were reviewed over a 10-year period. The diagnosis was established before 5 years of age in 87.0%. The distribution of lymphangiomas was: cervical (31.4%), craniofacial (18.9%), extremity (18.9%), trunk (9.2%), intraabdominal (9.2%), cervicoaxillothoracic (4.9%), multiple (3.8%), cervicomediastinal (2.2%), and intrathoracic (1.6%). Of 164 patients undergoing primary therapy, total excision was performed in 77.4% and partial excision in 20.7% with recurrence rates of 11.8% and 52.9%, respectively. Thirty-eight percent of all operations for lymphangiomas were performed for resection of recurrent or residual disease. The incidence of postoperative complications was 31.3%. Forty-four additional procedures were required to manage these complications. Sclerotherapy with 50% dextrose was used as an adjunct in 9.5%. Recurrences were seen after total resection in 17.6% of operations in which 50% dextrose was used and 11.8% in which it was not used. Seroma formation was noted in 3.5% of total resections and 40.0% of resections for recurrent disease in which adjunctive sclerotherapy with 50% dextrose was used. Seromas occurred in 9.8% of wounds in which local drains wer...Continue Reading

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