PMID: 9314242Oct 6, 1997Paper

Complications of pelvic exenteration in children who have genitourinary rhabdomyosarcoma

Journal of Pediatric Surgery
E L MichalkiewiczC B Pratt


Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most frequently encountered soft tissue sarcoma in children younger than 15 years of age. The authors reviewed the early and long-term morbidity rate and clinical outcome of pelvic exenteration for genitourinary rhabdomyosarcoma (GU-RMS) in children. Of 43 patients with this diagnosis who were seen at St Jude Children's Research Hospital between 1963 and 1994, 17 underwent pelvic exenteration. These 13 boys and four girls ranged in age from 6 months to 15 years (median, 3.5 years). Their primary sites included prostate (n = 12), bladder (n = 4), and uterus (n = 1). All patients received multiagent chemotherapy and either preoperative or postoperative radiation therapy. Anterior exenteration was performed in 15 patients and total exenteration in two. The complications were classified as early or late (occurring within or after 30 days from the date of surgery) and as major or minor (depending on the risk of death or physical or functional disability). Thirteen of the 17 patients (76%) had 49 surgery-related complications. Wound infection (24%), fistula, abscess, and malnourishment (12% each) were the most common early major complications, with hydronephrosis (35%), bowel obstruction (24%), acute pyeloneph...Continue Reading


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