Composition of crop and gizzard contents in the laying hen

British Poultry Science
P Mongin

Abstract

Crop and gizzard contents were analysed at six stages of egg formation. 2. The crop was empty during the day and full during the night while the gizzard contained a constant amount of dry matter. The water content of the crop did not change but that of the gizzard was at a minimum just after the ovulation and at a maximum 18 h later. 3. The osmotic pressure of the gizzard contents remained constant and close to that of the blood; that of the crop contents was almost isotonic at oviposition but hypertonic 18 h later. In both organs the pH of the liquid phase varied cyclicly with the egg formation and was lowest during egg shell deposition. 4. The Na+, K+ and Cl- contents of the crop liquid phase did not vary but Ca2+ increased with decreasing pH.Na+ and K+ were also constant in the gizzard liquid phase but Cl- and Ca2+ increased during shell formation. 5. It is concluded that the amount of HCl secreted by the proventiculus is related to egg shell deposition and that calcium solubilisation depends on microbial fermentation in crop and HCl secretion by proventriculus.

Citations

Jan 1, 1982·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology·D H Thomas
Jan 1, 1986·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. C, Comparative Pharmacology and Toxicology·M C Cabrera-Saadoun, B Sauveur
Jan 3, 2009·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Arie Bar
May 1, 2007·Animal : an International Journal of Animal Bioscience·K Horsted, J E Hermansen

Related Concepts

Calcium
Chloride Ion Level
Avian Crop
Gizzard
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Osmotic Stress
Oviposition
Potassium
Sodium

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