Compositional relatedness of aldehyde reductases from several species

Journal of Molecular Evolution
W S Davidson, T G Flynn


The amino acid compositions of several monomeric NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductases from a variety of species have been determined and analyzed by the difference index method of Metzger et al. (1968). The difference indexes among mammals range from 4.15 - 6.10 indicating considerable homology. Comparison of chicken aldehyde reductase with mammalian aldehyde reductases gave values in the range 6.8 - 9.9 suggesting a close relationship whereas the difference indexes for the enzymes from fruit fly and Baker's yeast versus vertebrate aldehyde reductases (10.9 - 14.4) indicate more distant relationships. The extent of sequence homology among aldehyde reductases from these species was estimated from a plot of difference index versus percent sequence difference for oxido-reductases of known sequence. From this plot, and using a mammal-chicken divergence time of 300 million years and a mammalian order split of 75 million years, the rate of evolution of aldehyde reductases was calculated to lie in the range 5.8 - 15.6% sequence difference per 100 million years. Comparison with rates of evolution of oligomeric dehydrogenases indicates that aldehyde reductases comprise the most rapidly evolving family of oxido-reductases. This is probabl...Continue Reading


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