Oct 25, 2019

Comprehensive molecular characterization of pediatric treatment-induced high-grade glioma: A distinct entity despite disparate etiologies with defining molecular characteristics and potential therapeutic targets

bioRxiv
John DeSistoAdam L. Green

Abstract

Treatment-induced high-grade gliomas (TIHGGs) are an incurable late complication of cranial radiation therapy or combined radiation/chemotherapy used to treat pediatric cancer. We assembled a cohort of 33 TIHGGs from multiple institutions. The primary antecedent malignancies were medulloblastoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, astrocytoma, and ependymoma. We performed methylation profiling, RNA-seq, and genomic sequencing (whole-genome or whole-exome) on TIHGG samples. Methylation profiling revealed that TIHGGs cluster primarily with the pediatric receptor tyrosine kinase I subtype (26/31 samples). Common TIHGG copy-number alterations include Chromosome (Ch.) 1p loss/1q gain, Ch. 4 loss, Ch. 6q loss, and Ch. 13 and Ch. 14 loss; focal alterations include PDGFRA and CDK4 gain and loss of CDKN2A and BCOR. Relative to de novo pediatric high-grade glioma (pHGG), BCOR loss (p=0.004) and CDKN2A loss (p=0.005) were significantly increased. Transcriptomic analysis identified two distinct TIHGG subgroups, one with a lesser mutation burden (0.12 mut/Mb), Ch. 1p loss/1q gain (5/6 samples), and stem cell characteristics, and one with a greater mutation burden (1.08 mut/Mb, p<0.0002), depletion of DNA repair pathways, and inflammatory charact...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
High Grade Malignant Transitional Cell
Acute Leukemia
DNA Repair
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4
Formation of Extrachromosomal Circular DNA
Whole Exome Sequencing
Whole Genome Amplification
Evaluation
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases

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