DOI: 10.1101/486282Dec 3, 2018Paper

Computational framework for targeted high-coverage sequencing based NIPT

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Hindrek TederPriit Palta

Abstract

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) enables accurate detection of fetal chromosomal trisomies. The majority of existing computational methods for sequencing-based NIPT analyses rely on low-coverage whole-genome sequencing (WGS) data and are not applicable for targeted high-coverage sequencing data from cell-free DNA samples. Here, we present a novel computational framework for a targeted high-coverage sequencing-based NIPT analysis. The developed methods use a hidden Markov model (HMM)-based approach in conjunction with supplemental machine learning methods, such as decision tree (DT) and support vector machine (SVM), to detect fetal trisomy and parental origin of additional fetal chromosomes. These methods were tested with simulated datasets covering a wide range of biologically relevant scenarios with various chromosomal quantities, parental origins of extra chromosomes, fetal DNA fractions and sequencing read depths. Consequently, we determined the functional feasibility and limitations of each proposed approach and demonstrated that read count-based HMM achieved the best overall classification accuracy of 0.89 for detecting fetal euploidies and trisomies. Furthermore, we show that by using the DT and SVM methods on the HMM...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Alleles
Carcinoma in Situ
Cell Count
Chromosomes
Classification
Complete Blood Count
DNA
Fetus
Genetic Vectors
Trees (plant)

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