Computational insights into differential interaction of mamalian ACE2 with the SARS-CoV-2 spike receptor binding domain

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
C. S. LupalaHaiguang Liu

Abstract

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causing agent of the COVID-19 pandemic, has spread globally. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) has been identified as the host cell receptor that binds to receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the SARS-COV-2 spike protein and mediates cell entry. Because the ACE2 proteins are widely available in mammals, it is important to investigate the interactions between the RBD and the ACE2 of other mammals. Here we analyzed the sequences of ACE2 proteins from 16 mammals and predicted the structures of ACE2-RBD complexes. Analyses on sequence, structure, and dynamics synergistically provide valuable insights into the interactions between ACE2 and RBD. The comparison results suggest that the ACE2 of bovine, cat and panda form strong binding with RBD, while in the cases of rat, least horseshoe bat, horse, pig, mouse and civet, the ACE2 proteins interact weakly with RBD.

Software Mentioned

GROMACS
SWISS
VMD
CHARMM27
MODEL
PyMOL
UCSF Chimera
CLUSTALW
ESPript webserver

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