Computational modeling of aberrant electrical activity following remuscularization with intramyocardially injected pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes.

Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Joseph K YuNatalia A Trayanova

Abstract

Acute engraftment arrhythmias (EAs) remain a serious complication of remuscularization therapy. Preliminary evidence suggests that a focal source underlies these EAs stemming from the automaticity of immature pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (PSC-CMs) in nascent myocardial grafts. How these EAs arise though during early engraftment remains unclear. In a series of in silico experiments, we probed the origin of EAs-exploring aspects of altered impulse formation and altered impulse propagation within nascent PSC-CM grafts and at the host-graft interface. To account for poor gap junctional coupling during early PSC-CM engraftment, the voltage dependence of gap junctions and the possibility of ephaptic coupling were incorporated. Inspired by cardiac development, we also studied the contributions of another feature of immature PSC-CMs, circumferential sodium channel (NaCh) distribution in PSC-CMs. Ectopic propagations emerged from nascent grafts of immature PSC-CMs at a rate of <96 bpm. Source-sink effects dictated this rate and contributed to intermittent capture between host and graft. Moreover, ectopic beats emerged from dynamically changing sites along the host-graft interface. The latter arose in part because circumf...Continue Reading

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