Computational modelling to optimize the hybrid configuration for hypoplastic left heart syndrome

European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery : Official Journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Andrew YoungMark H D Danton

Abstract

Hybrid palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is associated with mortality and late ventricular dysfunction. Increased ventricular workload and coronary perfusion limitation may be the important factors. Using mathematical modelling, this study investigated the effects of differing hybrid configurations on the demands on this single ventricle circulation. A multicompartmental Windkessel model of hybrid HLH-aortic atresia circulation was adopted, with a time-varying elastance representing ventricular functionality. The effects of diameter increases in bilateral pulmonary artery bandings (PABs) (+0.5, 2.5-4 mm) and ductal stent (+1, 4-10 mm) on cardiovascular haemodynamics, systemic oxygenation and ventricular energetics were assessed. Simulations showed that an increase in PAB diameter of 2.5-4 mm resulted in an increased Q (0.61-2.66), and diastolic stent backflow (-0.2 to -0.78 l/min) with reduced systemic perfusion (0.82-0.77 l/min) and diastolic pressures (48.3-41.2 mmHg). Arterial and venous saturations increased, SaO2 (%) was 62-88 and SvO(2) 41-65. To maintain mean systemic pressures, substantial increases in cardiac output (1.3-2.8 l/min) and ventricular stroke work (576-1360 mmHg ml) were required. A decr...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Mar 24, 2016·The Annals of Thoracic Surgery·Matteo TrezziMinoo N Kavarana
Dec 23, 2017·The Journal of Physiological Sciences : JPS·Shuji ShimizuMasaru Sugimachi

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