PMID: 8664164Aug 1, 1993Paper

Computer modelling of estrogenic transcriptional activation can account for different types of dose-response curves of estrogens

The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
S Dove, H Schönenberger


Estrogenic activity of diphenylethanes and -ethenes was determined by uterine growth in immature mice and analyzed by weighed regression of logit-transformed effect on log dose values. This resulted in a range of Hill coefficients nH from 0.3 to 2 corresponding to the molecular mechanism of estrogenic transcriptional activation. Binding of agonists (hormones, H) to estrogen receptors (ER) leads to receptor dimerization depending on the structure of the ligand. Three hormone-receptor complexes, H-ER, H-ER-ER, and H-ER-ER-H, which bind with different affinity to short palindromic DNA sequences (estrogen responsive elements), can be proposed. Transcriptional activating functions of the DNA-bound ER are subsequently induced. We have derived an equilibrium model including these steps. Computer simulations of Hill plots based on the model have completely reproduced the range of observed nH values. Hill coefficients are > 1.5 if the homodimer H-ER-ER-H and < 0.7 if the heterodimer H-ER-ER strongly predominates. If ER dimerization is disturbed (H-ER monomer predominant), nH is closer to 1. Hill coefficients and pD2 values (negative decadic logarithms of molar estrogen doses causing 50% of the maximal effects) are related to parameters ...Continue Reading


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