PMID: 9606472Jun 2, 1998

Concomitant prescribing of tranquilizers and hypnotics among patients receiving antidepressant prescriptions

The Annals of Pharmacotherapy
K Bingefors, D Isacson


To evaluate concomitant prescribing of tranquilizers and hypnotics in antidepressant treatment with particular focus on the relationship to drug class in patients prescribed antidepressant treatment for depressive disorders. Repeated cross-sectional surveys of Swedish physicians in ambulatory care from 1991 to 1996, including specialty practices. The participation rate was 65-70%. Tranquilizers and hypnotics were prescribed in 36.1% of the visits in which the intention was to treat depression. Concomitant prescribing increased with the patient's age for all antidepressant drug classes. Women received more concomitant prescriptions than men when treated with nonselective monoamine-reuptake inhibitors (NSMRI), mainly tricyclic compounds. Psychiatrists prescribed more concomitant tranquilizers and hypnotics than other physicians, and general practitioners fewer, when treating depression with selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), mainly citalopram. A logistic regression model showed that the risk for concomitant prescribing was higher when an NSMRI was prescribed than with other antidepressants. Concomitant prescribing of tranquilizers and hypnotics was common among antidepressant-treated patients. The most plausible rea...Continue Reading


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