Apr 1, 1989

Concurrent posttraumatic stress disorder in psychogeriatric patients

Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
J RosenD P Van Kammen

Abstract

Despite the fact that there are over 11 million World War II veterans in the United States, recent research on combat-related trauma has focused primarily on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Vietnam veterans. Several studies have found that the majority of Vietnam veterans who meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed 3 (DSM-III) criteria for PTSD have an additional major psychiatric diagnosis. This study explores the presence of the diagnosis of PTSD in an inpatient sample of 42 World War II veterans with an admission diagnosis other than PTSD. Following a structured diagnostic interview, a second examiner, blind to the patients' combat history, interviewed the subjects to obtain information regarding the past and current impact of the "most stressful experience" of their lives. Subjects were instructed not to reveal the nature of the stressor until completion of the study. Fifty-four percent of the combat-exposed veterans (14 of 26) spontaneously listed combat as the most significant stressor in their life. Furthermore, 54% of the combat-exposed veterans met DSM-III criteria for past PTSD and 27% met criteria for current PTSD in addition to another axis I diagnosis. These preliminar...Continue Reading

  • References10
  • Citations7

References

  • References10
  • Citations7

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Mental Disorders
Delayed Onset Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Shell Shock
Diagnosis, Psychiatric
Factor Construct Rating Scales (Fcrs)

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