Condensed tannins from Sesbania sesban and Desmodium intortum as a means of Haemonchus contortus control in goats

Tropical Animal Health and Production
Etana DebelaRagnar Salte

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to determine whether the proanthocyanidin (condensed tannin)-containing forage legumes Desmodium intortum cv Greenleaf and Sesbania sesban (accession 15019) could be integrated into a feeding management strategy as a means of Haemonchus contortus control in goats. The anthelmintic effects of condensed tannin extracts from the two legumes on H. contortus L(3) larvae were studied in an in vitro larval migration inhibition system. The extracts inhibited larval migration in a dose-dependent manner, and at concentrations from 1,000 μg/ml condensed tannin, the extract from D. intortum caused a significantly higher inhibition of larval migration than did the corresponding concentrations of the S. sesban extract (P < 0.01). Prolonged feeding of tanniniferous forage legumes showed that animals receiving D. intortum had the lowest total worm burden, the lowest female to male parasite ratio, the lowest number of eggs in the uterus of each female worm and the lowest per capita fecundity (P < 0.01). However, there was no change in the performance (weight gain) of parasite-infected goats probably due to incomplete removal of the parasite or prolonged confinement of goats in small pens, which calls for further i...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 26, 2015·Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology·Meiliang ZhouYanmin Wu
Oct 9, 2016·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Cesar García-HernándezYoel López-Leyva
Apr 20, 2017·Antioxidants·Lucia Panzella, Alessandra Napolitano
Sep 14, 2018·Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association·Hannah J SylvesterDerek M Foster
Jun 19, 2015·Tropical Animal Health and Production·Franciellen Morais-CostaEduardo Robson Duarte
May 21, 2019·Parasitology·Francianne Oliveira SantosMariana Borges Botura
Oct 8, 2020·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Rafael Arturo Torres-FajardoJuan Felipe de Jesús Torres-Acosta
Mar 23, 2021·Journal of Parasitic Diseases : Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology·Amar Deep SorenArun K Yadav

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Anthelmintics (ASM)

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.

Anthelmintics

Anthelmintics or antihelminthics are a group of antiparasitic drugs that expel parasitic worms (helminths) and other internal parasites from the body by either stunning or killing them and without causing significant damage to the host. Discover the latest research on anthelmintics here.