Conducted electrical weapon incapacitation during a goal-directed task as a function of probe spread.

Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
J HoJames D Sweeney

Abstract

Despite training and field experience that the location and spread between conducted electrical weapon (CEW) probes is important in establishing incapacitation, there have been no human studies which have systematically examined the relationships between probe spread and incapacitation. We have investigated this relationship with the TASER(®) X26. We have also developed and validated methodologies for prospective assessment of the effectiveness of CEWs in the incapacitation of highly motivated human subjects. Subjects (n = 30) had probes placed on the front or back with randomly varied spreads in accordance with recommended targeting zones. Subjects were motivated to complete the task of disabling the device or a dummy officer suspended ten feet away during the exposure while using a training knife. Subjects were rated on their progress toward goal success and on the extent of any incapacitation using two separate observer scoring panels: one consisting of experts in physiology and X26 technology, and another of veteran peace officers. Incapacitation by all measures was found to be a function of spread; generally increasing in effectiveness up to spreads between 9 and 12 in. There were notable differences between front and back...Continue Reading

References

Sep 1, 1996·British Journal of Sports Medicine·P J McNairS N Stanley
Dec 13, 2002·Sports Medicine·David TodNicholas Gill
Oct 24, 2007·Physics in Medicine and Biology·Hongyu Sun, John G Webster
Feb 11, 2009·Physics in Medicine and Biology·J Patrick ReillyJames Comeaux

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Apr 2, 2013·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Donald Murray DawesJames R Miner
Mar 29, 2014·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·John C Criscione, Mark W Kroll
Jun 5, 2014·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Donald M DawesJames R Miner
Jan 1, 2015·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R Jauchem
Jul 17, 2016·Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine·Mark W KrollHoward E Williams
Feb 3, 2018·Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift·Sebastian N Kunz, Jiri Adamec
Aug 14, 2018·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Mark W KrollJohn C Criscione
Aug 20, 2020·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Jeffrey HoJamie L Stang
Sep 5, 2017·Journal of Forensic Sciences·John Gibbons, Mark Peele
May 11, 2020·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Jeffrey D HoJamie L Stang
Sep 19, 2020·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·Mark W KrollJohn C Criscione
Nov 27, 2020·Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine·Donald M DawesLauren R Klein
Jul 24, 2021·Forensic Science International : Synergy·S PlenzigS N Kunz
Jul 29, 2021·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Mark W KrollHoward E Williams

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kirsten M VanMeenenRichard J Servatius
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal = Journal De L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Esther T BuiRichard Wennberg
© 2022 Meta ULC. All rights reserved