PMID: 1254590Mar 25, 1976

Conformation, enzymic activity, and immunochemistry of a lysozyme derivative modified at tryptophan 123 by reaction with 2,3-dioxo-5-indolinesulfonic acid.

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
M Z Atassi, W Zablocki

Abstract

Reaction of hen egg-white lysozyme with 2,3-dioxo-5-indolinesulfonic acid (DISA) yielded a homogeneous derivative which was modified at a single tryptophan residue. The modification was located at Trp-123. The absorption spectrum of the derivative showed a new peak in the visible range with lambdamax at 365 nm. In addition, the absorption maximum in the ultraviolet which appears in lysozyme at 280 nm was shifted to 270 nm in the derivative and appreciably enhanced. In ORD measurements, the rotatory behaviors of lysozyme and its derivative were identical at the 233 nm negative minimum and the 199 nm positive extremum. CD measurements gave equal [theta] values for lysozyme and derivative at the two negative ellipticity bands at 208 and 220 nm. Although no conformational differences between lysozyme and derivative were observed by ORD and CD measurements, some changes were detectable by chemical methods. Accessibility to tryptic hydrolysis and susceptibility of the disulfide bonds to reduction were increased in the derivative relative to lysozyme. The lytic activity of the derivative, which retained the same pH optimum as native lysozyme, was greatly (50%) decreased, probably as a result of the slight conformational change. With s...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

2,3-dioxo-5-indolinesulfonic acid
Amino Acids
Binding Sites
Circular Dichroism, Vibrational
Egg Whites
Indoles
Leftose
Optical Rotatory Dispersion
Peptide Fragments
Precipitin Tests

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