Jul 16, 1976

Conformation in aqueous medium of the neutral, protonated and anionic forms of 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyladenine

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M ReminD Shugar


Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy was employed to study the solution conformations of the neutral, protonated and dissociated forms of the therapeutically active 9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyladenine (araA). In particular, in strongly basic medium, increasing alkalinity led to pronounced changes in chemical shifts and coupling constants of some pentose protons, due to ionization of the pentose hydroxyls, especially the 2'-OH. The neutral form of araA may be characterized as approx. 25% C(2')endo and approx. 60% gauche-gauche, hence somewhat different from that of the therapeutically active 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (araC). By contrast, the conformations of the anionic forms of both of these are identical, predominantly (greater than 80%) C(2')endo and gauche-gauche. With the aid of the 3'-O-methyl derivatives of araA and araC, where only the 2'-OH ionizes, and the accompanying conformational changes are similar, it follows that the conformation C(2')endo and gauche-gauche for all the foregoing is constrained to this form via a strong intramolecular hydrogen bond, viz. O(5')H...O(2')(-). The influence of the foregoing hydrogen bond on the chemical shifts of the adenine H(8) in the araA anion points to the existence of th...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Stereochemistry
In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy
Phosphate Measurement
Spectrum Analysis

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.